Biological Classification for NEET MCQs & Answers with PDF

Biological Classification for NEET MCQs & Answers . This Multiple Choice Questions and Answers of Biological Classification are most important part of the NEET, AIIMS, JIPMER and other Medical Entrance Exams. We composed this Biological Classification for NEET MCQs & Answers with FREE PDF for NEET from Various Text book including NCERT.

Biological Classification for NEET MCQs & Answers 

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1. The biggest and dominant group is……

(A) angiosperms

(B) gymnosperms

(C) pteridophytes

(D) Bryophytes

Answer: angiosperms

2. Pre-fertilized endosperms is characterstics of ……

(A) bryophytes

(B) gymnosperms

(C) angiosperms

(D) pteridophyte

Answer: gymnosperms

3. Class dicotyledon is divided into….

(A) 7 sub-classes

(B) 5 sub-classes

(C) 3 sub-classes

(D) 2 sub- classes

Answer: 2 sub- classes

4. Who classified angiosperms into two classes,…

(A) theoprattus

(B) bentham and hooker

(C) Aristotle

(D) Linnaeus

Answer: bentham and hooker

5. Presence of rigid cell wall is characterized by kingdom…

(A) Protista

(B) plantae

(C) monera

(D) Animalia

Answer: monera

6. The tallest living tree of angiosperm is …

(A) wolffia sp.

(B) Zamia sp.

(C) Eucalyptus sp.

(D) sequoia sp.

Answer: sequoia sp.

7. If the seeds are formed from the megasporophylls and not enclosed in a fruits the plant belongs to

(A) bryophytes

(B) pteridophyte

(C) angiosperm

(D) gymnosperm

Answer: gymnosperm

8. Embryo is not formed in …

(A) algae

(B) Bryophytes

(C) gymnosperm

(D) pteridophytes

Answer: algae

9. Which classification system had been given whittaker ?

(A) 3 domain classification

(B) binomial classication

(C) 5 kingdom classification

(D) artificial classification

Answer: 5 kingdom classification

10 A: lichen shows symbiotic relationship between algae and fungi R: algae absorb water and mineral nutrients from environment and provide to fungi

(A) both A and R true and R is the correct explanation of A

(B) both A and R true but R is not correct explanation A

(C) A is true but R is false

(D) A is false and R is true

Answer: A is true but R is false

11. African sleeping sickness is caused by

(A) Leishmania

(B) Giardia intestinalis

(C) Trypanosoma

(D) Entamoeba


12. Extra chromosomal, circular ,double stranded ,self replicating DNA molecule in bacteria is called

(A) Cosmid

(B) Plasmid

(C) Phasmid

(D) Phagemid


13. Membranous infolding in bacteria that initiate DNA replication is

(A) Mesosomes

(B) Carboxysome

(C) Magnetosome

(D) Nucleosome

Answer: Mesosomes

14. Example of blue green algae is in

(A) Plantae

(B) Protistae

(C) Monera

(D) Fungi

Answer: Protistae

15. TMV virus was discovered by

(A) Pasteur

(B) S L Miller

(C) Ivanowsky

(D) W M Stanley

Answer: Ivanowsky

16. The study of algae is called

(A) Mycology

(B) Algology

(C) Taxonomy

(D) Lichenology

Answer: Algology

17. On the basis of structural form lichen are..

(A) Crustose

(B) Foliose

(C) Fruticose

(D) All of three

Answer: All of three

18. Fruiting body is characteristic of…

(A) Algae

(B) Lichens

(C) Bryophyta

(D) Pteridophyta


19. Microsporophyll :stamen then Megasporophyll:……………

(A) Ovule

(B) Anther

(C) Gynoecium

(D) Pollen grains

Answer: Gynoecium

20. Which of the fossil member?

(A) pinus

(B) thuja

(C) cycas

(D) bennettites

Answer: bennettites

21. Which of the following is included in five kingdom classification .

(A) Monera, Protista, Animalia, Plantae, Algae

(B) Monera,Protista,Fungi,Animalia,Plantae

(C) Virus,prokaryotes,Fungi,Plantae,Animalia

(D) Algae,Fungi,Bryophyta,Pteridophyta,Gymnosperms


22. Who is the father of Taxonomy among the following

(A) Linnaeus

(B) Aristole

(C) Maheshwari

(D) Birbal sahani

Answer: Linnaeus

23. Halophiles is also called …..

(A) Eubacteria

(B) Actinomyce

(C) Cyanobacteria

(D) Archaebacteria

Answer: Archaebacteria

24. By how many criteria ,living organisms have been classified into five kingdom.

(A) Two

(B) Four

(C) five

(D) Three


25. Prokaryotes are included in the kingdom ….

(A) Monera

(B) Protista

(C) Protozoa

(D) Basidiomycetes

Answer: Monera

26. Viroids were discovered by ..…

(A) Diener

(B) Woese

(C) Pasteur

(D) Iyengar

Answer: Diener

27. The name virus was given by …

(A) Ivanowsky

(B) Pasteur

(C) Diener

(D) Hershey

Answer: Pasteur

28. Virus have….

(A) DNA core,Lipid coat

(B) DNA or RNA core ,protein coat

(C) DNA or RNA core,plasma membrane

(D) DNA containing nucleus ,lipid envelope

Answer:DNA or RNA core ,protein coat

29. A virus contains



(C) DNA or RNA

(D) DNA and RNA

Answer: DNA or RNA

30. The main structural component of virus is …

(A) nucleic acid

(B) protein

(C) nucleic acid and protein

(D) nucleic acid or protein

Answer: nucleic acid and protein

31. Protista include…………..

(A) Paramecium,Euglena ,Dinoflagellates

(B) Hydra,Amoeba,Paramecium

(C) Yeast ,Euglena,Dinoflagellates

(D) Mushroom,Paramecium ,Euglena

Answer: Paramecium,Euglena ,Dinoflagellates

32. The study of fungi is …….…

(A) Cytology

(B) Mycology

(C) Virology

(D) Algology

Answer: Mycology

33. Fungus cell wall is made up of……………….

(A) Cellulose

(B) Protein

(C) Chitin

(D) carbohydrates

Answer: Chitin

34. In Fungi reserved food materials are …..

(A) Glycogen and lipid droplets

(B) Starch

(C) Protein

(D) Lipid

Answer: Glycogen and lipid droplets

35. Study of lichens is called …………

(A) Algology

(B) Mycology

(C) Lichenology

(D) Cytology

Answer: Lichenology

36. In lichens fungal component is known as ……….

(A) Mycobiont

(B) phycobiont

(C) A & B

(D) none of these

Answer:A & B

37. The plant cell without chloroplast is ….….

(A) Algae

(B) Fungi

(C) Bryophytes

(D) Pteridophytes

Answer: Fungi

38. Symbiotic relationship is found in ….….

(A) Algae

(B) Fungi

(C) Bryophytes

(D) Lichens


39. Plant of this group possess naked seed

(A) Pteridophytes

(B) Angiosperms

(C) Gymnosperms

(D) Bryophytes

Answer: Gymnosperms

40. Which sentence is true for Bryophytes ?

(A) They are autotrophic

(B) vascular tissues are absent

(C) Fertilisation take place in the presence of water

(D) All of the three

Answer: All of the three

41. In some parasitic fungi a globular or hook like structure is formed at the point of contact with the host. This is known as

(A) Haustoria

(B) Appresorium

(C) Hold fast

(D) Hook

Answer: Appresorium

42. Fungi which grow on dung are termed as

(A) Coprophilous

(B) Terricolous

(C) Sacxicolous

(D) Saxiphilous

Answer: Coprophilous

43. The fruiting body of Aspergillus is called

(A) Apothecium

(B) Perithecium

(C) Cleistothecium

(D) Hypanthodium

Answer: Cleistothecium

44. All fungi are

(A) autrophs

(B) Saprophytes

(C) Parasites

(D) Heterotrophs

Answer: Heterotrophs

45. One of the common fungal diseases of man is

(A) Cholera

(B) Plague

(C) Ringworm

(D) Typhoid

Answer: Ringworm

46. Aflatoxin is produced by

(A) Nematode

(B) Fungi

(C) Virus

(D) Bacteria


47. Yeast is unlike bacteria in being

(A) Unicellular

(B) Multicellular

(C) Prokaryotic

(D) Eukaryotic

Answer: Eukaryotic

48 “Perfect stage” of a fungus means

(A) When the fungus is perfectly healthy

(B) When it reproduces asexually

(C) When it forms perfect sexual spores

(D) None of these

Answer:When it forms perfect sexual spores

49. Kingdom Monera consist of….

(A) Prokaryotes

(B) Eukaryotes

(C) Archaebacteria

(D) All of the above

Answer: Prokaryotes

50. Some bacteria thrive extreme environment conditions such as absence of oxygen, high salt concentration, high temperature and acidic pH. Name them

(A) Cyanobacteria

(B) Eubacteria

(C) Archaebacteria

(D) All of the above

Answer: Archaebacteria

51. Some hyperthermophilic organisms that grow in highly acidic (pH 2) habitats belong to two groups

(A) liverworts and yeasts

(B) eubacteria and archaea

(C) protists and mosses

(D) cyanobacteria and diatoms

Answer:eubacteria and archaea

52. Pick the correct combination of statements (i-iv) regarding characteristics of some entities
i. Methanogens are archaebacteria that produce methane in marshy areas
ii. Nostoc is a filamentous blue green alga which fixes atmospheric nitrogen
iii. Chemosynthetic autotrophic bacteria synthesize cellulose from glucose
iv. Mycoplasma lack a cell wall and can survive without oxygen

(A) (ii) and (iii)

(B) (i), (ii) and (iii)

(C) (ii), (iii) and (iv)

(D) (i), (ii) and (iv)

Answer: (i), (ii) and (iv)

53. Bacterial leaf blight of rice is caused by a species

(A) Pseudomonas

(B) Xanthomonas

(C) Erwinia

(D) None of these

Answer: Erwinia

54. Fungi can be stained by

(A) Saffranine

(B) Cotton blue

(C) Glycerine

(D) Lactophenol

Answer:Cotton blue

55. Fungi usually store the reserve food material in the form of

(A) Starch

(B) Lipid

(C) Glycogen

(D) protein

Answer: Glycogen

56 Fungi can be distinguished from algae in fact that

(A) Cell wall is cellulosoic cell wall and chlorophyll is absent

(B) Nucleus is present

(C) Mitochondria are absent

(D) Cell wall is chitinous and chlorophyll is absent

Answer: Cell wall is chitinous and chlorophyll is absent

57. Ergot is obtained from

(A) Rhizopus

(B) Claviceps

(C) Albugo

(D) Phytomonas

Answer: Claviceps

58. One of the following is a predatory fungus

(A) Arthrobotrys

(B) Puccinia

(C) Fusarium

(D) Alternaria


59. Fungi producing usually eight spores in a sac like structure belong to

(A) Phycomycetes

(B) Ascomycetes

(C) Basidiomycetes

(D) Deuteromycetes

Answer: Ascomycetes

60. One of the following is a heteroceous fungus?

(A) Albugo

(B) Phytophora

(C) Puccinia

(D) Ustilago

Answer: Puccinia

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