Discuss the main features of Mauryan administration. Which of these elements are evident in the Asokan inscriptions that you have studied?
Ans: The main features of Mauryan administration are as follows :
- There were five major political centres in the empire i.e., the capital Pataliputra and the provincial centres of Taxila, Ujjayini, Tosali and Suvarnagiri.
- The communication system existed along both land and riverine routes. It was very vital for the existence of the empire.
- As the journeys from the centre to the provinces could have taken a long time, there was arrangement for provisions as well as protection for the travellers,
- The Mauryans kept a large army. Magasthenes mentions a committee with six subcommittees for coordinating military activity which were as mentioned below :
- One to look after the navy;
- The second for management of transport and provisions;
- The third was responsible for foot soldiers;
- The fourth for horses;
- The fifth for chariots;
- The sixth for elephants.
The element that there were five major political centres in the empire – the capital Pataliputra, and the provincial centres of Taxila, Ujjayini, Tosali and Suvarnagiri – all have been mentioned in the Asoka’s inscriptions.
5. Look at figure 1.30 (See NCERT page-26) and describe what you see. How is the body placed? What are the objects placed near it? Are there any artefacts on the body? Do these indicate the sex of the skeleton?
10. On the given map, use a pencil to circle the sites where evidence of agriculture has been recovered. Mark an X against sites where there is evidence of craft production and R against sites where raw materials were found.
7.This is a statement made by one of the best-known epigraphists of the twentieth century, D.C. Sircar: “There is no aspect of life, culture, activities of the Indians that is not reflected in inscriptions.” Discuss.