Table of Contents
What is environment pollution?
Here we discuss land pollution, water pollution, air pollution and noise pollution. So, before we started I had a lot of questions so are you curious about that? What do you mean by environmental pollution? and What are types of environmental pollution? So, We know Environment pollution means deterioration of the original purity or freshness of the environment caused by different polluting agents. It is of three kinds; land pollution, water pollution and air pollution.
Types of environmental pollution?
- Air pollution.
- Water pollution.
- Noise pollution.
- Soil pollution.
- Radioactive pollution.
But in this article we are going to discuss about the major three environmental pollutions, ok so let’s start from the soil pollutions.
Land Pollution OR Soil Pollution
It has been estimated that 35% of our total land area suffers from environmental degradation. Deforestation, excess use of fertilizers and pesticides, dumping of garbage and dirty substances like trash, ashes, sludge, plastic materials, useless bottles, cans etc. on the way side or at places adjacent to human dwellings make the atmosphere dirty and polluted. Over-spilling of filny substances from over-stuffed dustbins and overflowing of drain water to streets are largely responsible for land pollution in towns and cities.
In rural areas, the river banks or the sides of the villa ponds are too often used as public latrines and consequently polluted areas help hook-worms and bacteria of different disc find easy access to human bodies. Land pollution can be checked by a good hygienic sense on the part of the people and the process can check the functioning of the civic bodies.
The presence of pollutants in water is a great threat to marine life as well as human health. More than 70% of all the water available in our country is polluted. All our rivers, lakes, ponds, seas and such other water reservoirs are full of pollutants which include toxic chemicals, industrial effluents, suspended solids, bacteria etc. The water of the Ganga, the Godavari, the Yamuna, the Mohanadi and the Brahmni are the most polluted sources of water in the world. Even if one wades through Yamuna or Brahmni he or she will suffer from skin-allergies.
This werage has seriously damaged the health of our various water resources. The sewerage discharge of towns and cities contain a variety of poisonous effluents which cause the outbreak and spread of waterborne diseases and epidemics. The detergents, fertilizers, pesticides, oil spills are the major pollutants of water. Waters from slaughter houses, dairy and poultry farms, tanneries, breweries, paper, sugar and fertilizer mills pollute water dangerously.
Air pollution affects us more seriously as pollutants present in air go straight into our lungs when we breathe such polluted air. Burning of coal, diesel and petrol in vehicles, and factories release sulphur dioxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide lead and other poisonous substances into air. Sulphur dioxide causes respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
Carbon monoxide poisons the blood. Lead damages red blood cells, hurts the liver and kidneys and can cause neurological damage. Hydrocarbons are suspected to be carcinogenic in nature. Vehicular emission has become a menace for cities like Delhi, New York and Tokyo. In Delhi 30% people suffer from respiratory and lung related disorders. The millions of vehicles spewing smoke and producing deafening noise in our cities have aggravated the situation. Nearly 90% of the airborne lead comes from auto-exhausts.
Noise pollution is another form of air-pollution. Noise emanating from motor vehicle horns, industries, by plavino . of microphones is responsible for many mental and nervous disorder. People who are exposed to loud noise suffer from anxiety, indigestion, deafness and tension of muscles.
There are noise control laws but they are not of much help due to the lack of public awareness. Pollution has crossed all the tolerable limits. Many laws and acts are there. The only thing that can check pollution is public awareness. If not we are up immediately the problem will assume a catastrophic dimension.