Table of Contents
Class 12 History Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation
Questions. How do archaeologists trace socio-economic differences in Harappan society? What are the differences that they notice?
Ans: (a) Archaeologists trace socio-economic differences in Harappan society in the following ways:
- Looking for “luxuries”.
(b) The archaeologists have noticed the following differences in the socio-economic conditions in Harappan society :
- In Harappan society, the dead were generally laid in pits. In some burial pits the hollowed-out spaces were lined with bricks.
- Some graves contain pottery and ornaments.
- In some instances the dead were buried with copper mirrors.
- Artefacts are divided into two categories – utilitarian and luxuries. The utilitarian objects are of daily use. These are made of ordinary materials such as stone and clay. These are found in all settlements. Luxury items are found in large settlements of Harappa and Mohenjodaro. These are made of valuable materials like faience. Gold too was rare and precious as all the gold jewellery has been found at Harappan sites.
5. Look at figure 1.30 (See NCERT page-26) and describe what you see. How is the body placed? What are the objects placed near it? Are there any artefacts on the body? Do these indicate the sex of the skeleton?
10. On the given map, use a pencil to circle the sites where evidence of agriculture has been recovered. Mark an X against sites where there is evidence of craft production and R against sites where raw materials were found.