jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th April, 1919):

  • In Punjab, there was unprecedented support for the Rowlatt Satyagraha.
  • Facing a violent situation, the Government of Punjab handed over the administration to the military authorities under General Dyer.
  • On 13th April, the Baisakhi day (harvest festival), a public meeting was organized at the Jallianwala Bagh (garden).
  • Dyer marched in and without any warning opened fire on the crowd.
  • According to an official report 379 people were killed and 1137 wounded in the incident.
  • There was a nationwide protest against this massacre.
  • Rabindranath Tagore returned his knighthood in protest. 
  • On 13th March, 1940, Sardar Udham Singh killed Dyer in London.


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