Major Ecosystems or Biomes

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Table of Contents

What are Major Ecosystems?

A large and natural ecosystem which has its peculiar climatic condition and specific flora and fauna is called a biome. Biomes are therefore large ecosystems. Biomes may be terrestrial and aquatic. Both these types have completely different characteristics. 

What is Biome?

A biome is a collection of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment and they are exist in it . They can be found over a range of continents. Biomes are distinct biological communities that have formed in response to a shared a physical climate.

What are the Major Terrestrial Biomes?

In the following text, characteristics of different types of biomes (terrestrial) have been mentioned mainly in relation to our country (India). 

1. Forest biomes 

2. Grassland Biomes 

3. Savanna 

4. Desert Biomes 

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