In January 1931 in order to create a conducive atmosphere for talks, the government lifted
the ban on the Congress Party and released its leaders from prison.
On 8 March 1931 the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed. As per this pact, Mahatma Gandhi agreed to suspend the Civil-Disobedience Movement and participate in the Second Round Table Conference.
In September 1931, the Second Round Table Conference was held at London.
Mahatma Gandhi participated in the Conference but returned to India disappointed as no agreement could be reached on the demand of complete
independence and on the communal question. In January 1932, the Civil-Disobedience Movement was resumed.
The government responded to it by arresting Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel and by reimposing the ban on the Congress party.