The suspension of the Non-Cooperation Movement led to a split within Congress in the Gaya session of the Congress in December 1922.
Leaders like Motilal Nehru and chittranjan Das formed a separate group within the Congress known as the Swaraj Party on 1 January 1923.
The Swarajists wanted to contest the council elections.Elections to Legislative Councils were held in November 1923.
In the Central Legislative Council Motilal Nehru became the leader of the party whereas in Bengal the party was headed by C.R. Das.
The Swaraj Party demanded the setting up of a responsible government in India with the necessary changes in the Government of India Act of 1919.
When a Committee chaired by the Home Member, Alexander Muddiman considered the system of Dyarchy as proper, a resolution was passed against it in the Central Legislative Council. After the death of C.R. In June 1925, the Swaraj Party started weakening.