What Causes Dark Cutting Beef?
A. A Long Term Stress Period Prior To Slaughter
When selecting a meat animal on structural soundness, special emphasis should be placed on what body parts?
What is the minimum recommended resting area for a market beef animal?
Corn silage, pasture, and hay are examples of what type of feed?
When is the best time to start training a beef calf to lead?
Name a piece of equipment used to dehorn a newborn calf.
What is a learn by doing non-competitive 4-H activity involving several mini learning stations called?
What is the sheet that lists the sire and dam of a purebred animal called?
What is the minimum area recommended for an outside exercise area for a market beef animal?
What grain raised on Minnesota farms is the most common concentrate in beef rations?
What type of halter is best for breaking a beef calf to lead?
When is the best time to dehorn a calf?
What is the event called that involves judges, several classes of 4 animals of beef, sheep and swine?
At what age should a beef heifer be bred?
A feed box or bunk for a market beef animal should be how far from the ground or floor?
What is the most important vitamin for a breeding beef animal?
From what side do you lead a beef calf?
What is the process called in which the testicles of male calves are removed?
What is the name for a two minute presentation in a Judging Contest where the participant discusses a class of livestock?
What is the amount of fat on a market animal called?
How many linear feet of bunk space does a market beef animal require?
Calcium and phosphorus are examples of what type of nutrients?
What is the name of a tool used by beef showmen to adjust the legs on a beef calf?
What is a piece of equipment used for castrating a calf?
What are the birth dates, adjusted weaning weights, adjusted yearling weights called in a judging contest?
By what date each year must market beef steers in Minnesota be weighed and identified?
How many gallons of water will a 1000 pound steer drink per day if the outside temperature is 50°F?
What feed ingredient is normally fed free-choice to beef cows on pasture?
If a show stick is used by a beef showmen to apply pressure behind the dew claw, what direction will the calf likely move his foot?
What is a common parasite of cattle?
In a class of 4 animals in a judging contest, how many possible placings are there?
What is a beef animal that naturally lacks horns called?
How many gallons of water will a 100 pound steer drink per day if the outside temperature is 90°F?
Besides a balanced ration, a clean, fresh supply of this item is essential in feeding market beef?
When a beef showmen uses a show stick to press back between the toes in the left of the foot, the calf will likely move the foot in what direction?
What are two causes of scours?
What is the maximum length of time a set of oral reasons should be?
Name a popular British beef breed that is black?
What season of the year do most beef cows calve?
What is a commercial feed used to raise the protein level of beef ration called?
Doing things such as brushing, washing and clipping are referred to as what in a beef project?
What is the act of removing horns from cattle called?
How far should a person stand from the judge when presenting oral reasons?
How many animals are in a class at most judging contests?
How many months after calving will a beef cow normally come into heat?
A normal beef steer will consume what percent of its body weight in feed each day?
What is the main reason for good grooming in a beef animal?
What is the normal temperature of a cow?
When giving oral reasons on a pair of animals, what are the merits for the second place animal in a pair called?
What causes dark cutting beef?
What piece of equipment is necessary to weigh calves for performance records?
If a steer is fed too much roughage relative to grain, how may it’s visual appearance change?
Ideally, how often should a beef calf be brushed and combed?
What is the normal pulse rate for cattle?
What is a meeting in a club or county in a specific project area called?
Rump roast comes from what beef wholesale cut?
When figuring an adjusted weaning weight, name one of the adjustment factors.
What feed grain is the most common energy source in a market beef ration?
How often should a beef calf be washed the final 2 months before a County Fair?
What is the normal respiration rate for cattle?
For most 4-H livestock project members the biggest livestock show held locally is what event?
Porterhouse steak comes from what beef wholesale cut?
Once a heifer has a calf she is called what?
Name a method used to get supplemental feed to beef calves on pasture prior to weaning?
If all the soap is not rinsed out of a beef calf during washing it will result in what condition?
What are two factors which may influence body temperature in a healthy animal?
What livestock group sponsors and coordinates the 4-H Livestock Auction at the Minnesota State Fair?
T-bone steak comes from what beef wholesale cut?
What precautions can be taken with dehorning tools to prevent infections?
Name 2 feedstuff commonly used in creep feed for beef calves?
What is done to a beef calf to improve the way the calf stands and walks?
Where is a cow’s pulse taken?
What is the name of an event where beef steers are weighed and identified?
A sound commercial ewe project should be evaluated on what basis?
How much space should be provided for each ewe?
How many pounds of hay will we eat in a 200 day winter period?
Small wire brushes used to fluff wool are called?
What are 4 of the major diseases affecting sheep?
Name two lamb carcass quality grades.
Name seven of the approximately 21 sheep breeds in the U.S.
How much dry lot space should you have per ewe?
How many pounds of grain will a ewe lambing in February need a year?
What should you wash your sheep with?
What is a high temperature for a sheep?
Name two lamb carcass yield grades.
What are the two major economic traits to look for when selecting sheep?
What is a lamb creep?
How many heads of sheep can an acre of good pasture support?
Name two basic equipment items for grooming.
What are two signs a sheep may be getting sick?
To measure the fat thickness of a lamb carcass, the carcass is ribbed between what ribs?
What is fecundity?
When is it best to shear?
How many pounds should you feed ewes during early gestation?
What is the stand called that is used when grooming?
A normal healthy sheep will do what when approached?
What is the carcass from a young sheep called?
What factors influence milk yield of ewe?
What should you do with sheared wool?
Aside from grains and hay, what is essential to feeding sheep?
How soon before the show should you trim the lamb’s feet?
What should you first do with a sick sheep?
What is the carcass from an old sheep called?
At what age do the down creeds reach sexual maturity?
Name two factors that can adversely affect profits.
When lactating, how much grain should we receive?
How should you position the lamb to trim the feet?
What is enterotoxemia?
What is the blood grade name of wool with the finest diameter?
What is gainability?
Name three factors aside for the capital costs that affect production costs.
What should be the proportion of hay:grain for lactating ewes?
Which portion of the hoof should be trimmed?
How can you prevent enterotoxemia?
What sheep breed has all black heads and legs?
What is considered the third most important economic trait of sheep?
How many more non-lactating ewes can be grazed per acre than lactating ewes?
How old before lambs begin to eat dry feed?
What can happen if you cut a hoof too deeply?
What are sheep keds?
What two breeds were originally crossed to make the Suffolk breed?
What determines clean fleece weight?
Have ewe prices risen or declined since 1981?
What are three of the feed ingredients in a well balanced ration?